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ANGOLA

 

 

Country Profile

Official name: Republic of Angola

Capital: Luanda

President: José Eduardo dos Santos

Location: Western Region of Southern Africa

Borders: North: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo,

               East:  Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Zambia

               South: Republic of Namibia

               West: Atlantic Ocean

Surface: 1.246.700 Km2

Extension of the Atlantic Coast: 1650 km

Political-administrative Division: 18 provinces, 163 municipalities, 475 communes

Population: 24.383.301 (census 2014)

Official currency: Kwanza

Official language: Portuguese

 

Brief Historical Summary

·      Some historians have argued that most of the territory of Angola was initially inhabited by people of non-Bantu origin, the indigenous Khoisan, from the Lower Paleolithic. These people were eventually pushed to the south of the territory by successive waves of Bantu immigration which continued up until the late nineteenth century.

·      1482 : Arrival of the Portuguese, commanded by Diogo Cão.

·      1482-1975: 500 years of Portuguese colonization.

·      1605: Luanda, the first city, was founded.

·      1961-1975: 14 years of national liberation struggle.

·      National liberation movements: Movement of Liberation of Angola (MPLA), National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).

·      November 11, 1975 – Angolan Independence.

·      First Government: MPLA.

·      1975-1979 – Angola's first President: Agostinho Neto.

·      September 21, 1979 to date – Angola's current President: José Eduardo dos Santos

·      November 11, 1975 to April 4, 2002 – Civil war between the national liberation movement and the Enclave Liberation Front of Cabinda (FLEC).

·      September 1992 – Angola's First free elections held between the MPLA and UNITA. These elections were proceeded by the Bicesse Protocol of 31 May 1991.

·      November 20, 1994 – The Lusaka Protocol.

·      April 11, 1997 - Government of inauguration of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN).

·      September 5, 2008 - The second legislative elections was won by the MPLA with more than 80% of the vote.

·      August 31, 2012 – The general elections was won by the MPLA with more than 72% of the vote:.

 

Additional Information

·      Angola is a democratic country with a multiparty political system and a free market economy.

·      The territory of Angola is twice as big as Great Britain and about fourteen times larger than Portugal.

·      Approximately 65 percent of the territory is situated between 1000 and 1600 meters altitude.

·      Angola is in twelfth position in terms of volume of population (million), among the 54 countries in Africa.

·      Profile of the provinces of Angola:

Province

Area

(Km2)

Capital

Governor

Population

(Millions)

Bengo

33.016

Caxito

João Miranda

351.579

Benguela

39.826

Benguela

Isaac dos Anjos

2.036.662

Bié

70.314

Kuito

Boavida Neto

1.338.923

Cabinda

7.270

Cabinda

Matilde da Lomba

688.285

Cunene

87.342

Onjiva

Kundi Paihama

965.288

Kwanza-Norte

24.110

N'dalatando

Henrique Júnior

427.971

Kwanza-Sul

55.600

Sumbe

Eusebio Teixeira

1.793.787

Kuando Kubango

199.049

Menongue

Pedro Mutindi

510.369

Huambo

34.270

Huambo

João B. Kussumua

1.896.147

Huíla

79.022

Lubango

Marcelino Tyipinge

2.354.398

Luanda

2.417

Luanda

Higino Carneiro

6.542.944

Lunda-Norte

103.000

Dundo

Ernesto Muangala

799.950

Lunda-Sul

77.367

Saurimo

Cândida Narciso

516.077

Malanje

97.602

Malanje

Norberto dos Santos

968.135

Moxico

223.023

Luena

J. Ernesto dos Santos

727.594

Namibe

57.091

Namibe

Rui Falcão

471.613

Uige

58.698

Uíge

Paulo Pombolo

1.426.354

Zaire

40.130

M'Banza Congo

José Joanes André

567.225

 

·  62.3% of the population resides in urban areas, and Luanda is the province with the lowest geographical extent but with the greatest concentration of population: 27% of the country's total (census 2014).

·  There are sixteen ethnic groups, most of which are of Bantu origin. The ethnic groups of non-Bantu origin are constituted mostly by Khoisan.

·  Angola has about forty-two national languages, the most widely spoken are Fiote, Kikongo, Kimbundo, Kwanyama, Mbunda, Nganguela, Nyaneka, Tchokwe and Umbundo.

·  The weather in Angola consists of two seasons: the rainy season, which occurs between the months of September and May, and the dry season, from May to September. The rainy season is the hottest, with an average temperature of 27 ° C maximum and 17 ° C minimum.

·  The "Welwitschia Mirabilis", the Namib Desert, and the giant sable antelope in Malange, Angola are native species and are a few of the country's national symbols. The giant sable antelope is a species considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.<

·  The main river of Angola is Kwanza, which also gives its name to the national currency. It is 1000 km in length, of which only 240 are navigable. The other three major rivers are the Kubango which is 975 km long, the Cunene which is 800 km long, and Zaire at 150 km long, all of these are navigable.<

·  Angola is potentially rich in mineral resources. It is estimated that their sub-soil has thirty-five of the forty-five most important minerals in world trade, the most notable of which are oil, natural gas, diamonds, phosphates, bituminous substances, iron, copper, magnesium, gold and ornamental rocks.

· In Angola there are various organized religions in churches or similar organizations. The vast majority of Angolans are of Christian beliefs or those inspired by Christianity.

 

 

National Holidays and Celebrations

National holidays

January, 1st

New Year

February, 4th

Day of the Start of Armed Struggle for National Liberation

March, 8th

International Women's Day

Movable between February and March

Carnival

April 4th

Day of Peace and National Reconciliation

Movable between March/22 and  April/25

Good friday

May, 1st

International Workers Day

September, 17th

National Hero's Day

November, 2nd

Hallowmas

November, 11th

National Independence Day

December, 25th

Christmas

 

National celebrations

January, 4th

Colonial Repression Martyrs of the day

March, 2nd

Day of Angolan Women

March, 15th

Navy Fight Expansion of National Liberation Day

April, 14th

Angolan Youth Day

May, 25th

Africa Day

June, 1st

International Children's Day

June, 16th

Day of the African Child

November, 30th

National Elderly Day

December, 10th

International Human Rights Day

 

Relevant legislation

 

The Constitution

The Constitution of Angola is the supreme law of the Angolan nation, having been approved by the National Assembly on January 27, 2010.

The new Constitution affirms and establishes among its structuring principles pluralist and representative democracy, the unitary nature of the State, the appreciation of work and respect for human dignity, free economic and entrepreneurship, social justice, the participation of citizens and the rule of law.

 

Other Laws of interest

 

General Law of Angola Work

 

Nationality Act (2015)

 

Law on Issuance and Use of National Passport

 

Census of Military Law

 

Private Investment Law

 

Legal Regime of Foreigners in the Republic of Angola

 

Regulation on Legal Regime of Foreigners in Angola

 

 

             

Consulado Geral de Angola em Londres | 46 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP | 21 Bedford Avenue, London WC1B 3AS | Tel – +44 (0) 20 7291 8700  

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