|Official Name||Republic of Angola|
|President||José Eduardo dos Santos|
|Location||Western Region of Southern Africa|
North: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo
East: Republic of Namibia
South: Republic of Namibia
West: Atlantic Ocean
|Extension of the Atlantic Coast||1.650 km|
|Political-administrative Division||18 provinces, 163 municipalities, 475 communes|
|Population||24.383.301 (census 2014)|
Brief Historical Summary
Some historians have argued that most of the territory of Angola was initially inhabited by people of non-Bantu origin, the indigenous Khoisan, from the Lower Paleolithic. These people were eventually pushed to the south of the territory by successive waves of Bantu immigration which continued up until the late nineteenth century.
Arrival of the Portuguese, commanded by Diogo Cão: 1482.
Political Origin: 500 years of Portuguese colonization (1482/1975).
Foundation of First City – Luanda: 1605.
Fight for National Liberation Struggle: from 1961 to 1975 (14 years).
National Liberation Movements: Movement of Liberation of Angola (MPLA), National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).
Independence: 11 de November de 1975.
First Goverment: MPLA.
First President: Agostinho Neto (1975-1979).
Current president: José Eduardo dos Santos (21 of September, 1979 to date).
Civil War – between the national liberation movement and the Enclave Liberation Front of Cabinda (FLEC): 11 November 1975 to 4 April 2002.
First Free Elections – proceeded by the Bicesse Protocol of 31 of May de 1991 between the MPLA and UNITA: September 1992.
The Lusaka Protocol: 20 Novembro, 1994.
Government of inauguration of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN): 11 April 1997.
The second legislative elections was won by the MPLA with more than 80% of the vote: 5 September 2008.
The general elections was won by the MPLA with more than 72% of the vote: 31 August, 2012.
Angola is a democratic country with a multiparty political system and a free market economy.
The territory of Angola is twice as big as Great Britain and about fourteen times larger than Portugal.
Approximately 65 percent of the territory is situated between 1000 and 1600 meters altitude.
Angola is in twelfth position in terms of volume of population (million), among the 54 countries in Africa.
|Benguela||39.826||Benguela||Isaac dos Anjos||2.036.662|
|Cabinda||7.270||Cabinda||Matilde da Lomba||688.285|
|Kuando Kubango||199.049||Menongue||Pedro Mutindi||510.369|
|Huambo||34.270||Huambo||João B. Kussumua||1.896.147|
|Malanje||97.602||Malanje||Norberto dos Santos||968.135|
|Moxico||223.023||Luena||J. Ernesto dos Santos||727.594|
|Zaire||40.130||M’Banza Congo||José Joanes André||567.225|
62.3% of the population resides in urban areas, and Luanda is the province with the lowest geographical extent but with the greatest concentration of population: 27% of the country’s total (census 2014).
There are sixteen ethnic groups, most of which are of Bantu origin. The ethnic groups of non-Bantu origin are constituted mostly by Khoisan.
Angola has about forty-two national languages, the most widely spoken are Fiote, Kikongo, Kimbundo, Kwanyama, Mbunda, Nganguela, Nyaneka, Tchokwe and Umbundo.
The weather in Angola consists of two seasons: the rainy season, which occurs between the months of September and May, and the dry season, from May to September. The rainy season is the hottest, with an average temperature of 27 °C maximum and 17 °C minimum.
The “Welwitschia Mirabilis”, the Namib Desert, and the giant sable antelope in Malange, Angola are native species and are a few of the country’s national symbols. The giant sable antelope is a species considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
The main river of Angola is Kwanza, which also gives its name to the national currency. It is 1000 km in length, of which only 240 are navigable. The other three major rivers are the Kubango which is 975 km long, the Cunene which is 800 km long, and Zaire at 150 km long, all of these are navigable.
Angola is potentially rich in mineral resources. It is estimated that their sub-soil has thirty-five of the forty-five most important minerals in world trade, the most notable of which are oil, natural gas, diamonds, phosphates, bituminous substances, iron, copper, magnesium, gold and ornamental rocks.
In Angola there are various organized religions in churches or similar organizations. The vast majority of Angolans are of Christian beliefs or those inspired by Christianity.
National Holidays and Celebrations
|January, 1st||New Year|
|February, 4th||Day of the Start of Armed Struggle for National Liberation|
|March, 8th||International Women’s Day|
|Movable between February and March||Carnival|
|April, 4th||Day of Peace and National Reconciliation|
|Movable between March/22 and April/25||Good Friday|
|May, 1st||International Workers Day|
|September, 17th||National Hero’s Day|
|November, 11th||National Independence Day|
|January, 4th||Colonial Repression Martyrs of the day|
|March, 2nd||Day of Angolan Women|
|March, 15th||Navy Fight Expansion of National Liberation Day|
|April, 14th||Angolan Youth Day|
|May, 25th||Africa Day|
|June, 1st||International Children’s Day|
|June, 16th||Day of the African Child|
|November, 30th||National Elderly Day|
|December, 10th||International Human Rights Day|
The Constitution of Angola is the supreme law of the Angolan nation, having been approved by the National Assembly on January 27, 2010.
The new Constitution affirms and establishes among its structuring principles pluralist and representative democracy, the unitary nature of the State, the appreciation of work and respect for human dignity, free economic and entrepreneurship, social justice, the participation of citizens and the rule of law.
Other Laws of Interest
General Law of Angola Work
Nationality Act (2015)
Law on Issuance and Use of National Passport
Census of Military Law
Private Investment Law
Legal Regime of Foreigners in the Republic of Angola
Regulation on Legal Regime of Foreigners in Angola